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Discuss the political, social, and economic environment of Europe in the mid-to-end 19th century

Discuss the political, social, and economic environment of Europe in the mid-to-end 19th century

Essay exam. Essay should be five paragraphs long, have a minimum word-count requirement of 350 words. There is no maximum word count but students who do well typically stay between 400-600 words. 

The first paragraph should introduce the topic and contain a thesis statement. It should contain between three-five (3-5) complete sentences, including the thesis statement. 

The second, third, and fourth (body) paragraphs:

 Each body paragraph should contain between three-five (3-5) sentences, including the topic sentence (first sentence of the body paragraph, states a main point that supports the thesis) and at least two-three (2-3) specific examples per main point. 

The fifth and final paragraph should begin with a restatement of the thesis. It should be three-five (3-5) complete sentences, and include a brief summary/conclusion of the student’s answer to the essay question. 

Outside research for this essays must follow the usual source standards APA format, academically credible sources (no encyclopedias or dictionaries). You must cite any course materials (Listed under lesson 4 below) used and any outside sources used and include a bibliography at the end of the essay.

19th century: Jan 1st 1801 –  December 31st 1900.

Thesis:  Europe was undergoing a period of change or by definition, a revolution, which would forever change the political, social, and economic structures of its’ inhabitants. 

3 topic paragraphs: political, social, and economic

ideas for each:

Political: nationalism 

Social: revolution

Economic: industrialism?

Some References: (academically credible required.)

* Slawson, L. (2017, Aug. 31). Imperialism, Revolution, and Industrialization in 19th-Century Europe. Retrieved from

Revolutions of 1848

The following readings are from

Jonathan Sperber The European Revolutions, 1848-1851

Chapter 1 Society and Social Conflict in Europe During the 1840s Pages 5-12

– Crafts, Manufacturing and their Social Order Pages 12 -20 Suggested Reading (Notrequired)

– Social Structure and the Elites Pages 20 – 23

Chapter 2 The Pre-Revolutionary Political Universe Pages 56-59

– Political Doctrines Pages 65

o Liberalism 65-69

o Conservatism 73-76

Laissez-faire 77-80

o Radicalism 80-84

– Nationalism pages 89-92

o Nations and Nationalism in Germany and Italy Pages 93-98

Chapter 3 The Outbreak of Revolution Pages 109- 124


The following reading are from

Stephen Haw, Modern History of Asia

Chapter 6 Change in Mandate The Manchu Conquest, 1644-1860 Pages 66-72

– The Si Ku Quan Shu to Manchu Decline Pages 77-79

Chapter 7 Besieged The Late Qing Dynasty, 1860-1911 Pages 80-99

Chapter 8 Northern Peace? The Republic, the Warlords and Communist Revolution, 1911-1949 Pages 100-110

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Week 6 End of the 19th Century to 1950s

This week’s readings are from

Nicholas Atkin and Michael Biddiss

Themes in Modern European History 1890-1945

Chapter 2 Social and Economic Developments in Europe 1890-1939

– Demographic change Pages 49-57

– Industrial Change to 1914 Pages 59 – 60

– Workers’ Organization 60-62

– Women Workers 62-64

– Social Welfare and Worker Society 64-67

– The Impact of World War I on European Economy and Society pages 70-73

– The Family and Depopulation Pages 75-76

– Social Impact of World Depression 76-79

Chapter 3 Intellectual and Cultural upheaval, 1890-1945 Page 82

– Positivism under challenge Pages 84-89

– Blood and Darkness Pages 98-100

– Ideological Confrontation 100-104

– The Authoritarian politicization of culture pages 104- 108

Chapter 5 World War I – Conduct and Consequences Pages 146-158

– Adjusting to the demands of War Pages 160-168

– Financing the War 168-169

Chapter 7 Fascism: A Revolutionary Right in Interwar Europe Pages 215- 230

Chapter 9 The Origins of World War II in Europe Pages 273-296

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